Everything you Must Know About IPL || Indian Premier League || Every Day Excited

The Indian Premier League (IPL) is a professional Twenty20 cricket league in India contested during April and May of every year by teams representing 8 Indian cities and some states. The league was founded by the Board of Control for Cricket in India (BCCI) in 2008 and is regarded as the brainchild of Lalit Modi, the founder and former commissioner of the league. IPL has an exclusive window in ICC Future Tours Programme.
Everything you Must Know About IPL || Indian Premier League || Every Day Excited



Quick Info About IPL

Host CountryIndia
AdministratorBCCI
FormatT20
First Edition2008
Tournament formatDouble round-robin league and Playoffs
Number of teams8

Most successful
Chennai Super Kings, Mumbai Indians
(3 titles each)
Most runs Suresh Raina (4985)
Most wickets Lasith Malinga (154)


Basically, IPL is a T20 cricket match that means there is of 20 overs in each inning. The IPL is the most-attended cricket league in the world. In 2014 ranked sixth by average attendance among all sports leagues. In 2010, the IPL became the first sporting event in the world to be broadcast live on YouTubeThe brand value of IPL in 2018 was US$6.3 billion, according to Duff & Phelps. According to BCCI, the 2015 IPL season contributed ₹11.5 billion (US$182 million) to the GDP of the Indian economy.

On 13 September 2007, the BCCI announced the launch of a franchise-based Twenty20 cricket competition called Indian Premier League whose first season was slated to start in April 2008, in a "high-profile ceremony" in New Delhi. BCCI vice-president Lalit Modi is said to be the mastermind behind the idea of IPL, spelt out the details of the tournament including its format, the prize money, franchise revenue system and squad composition rules. It was also revealed that the IPL would be run by a seven-man governing council composed of former India players and BCCI officials and that the top two teams of the IPL would qualify for that year's Champions League Twenty20. In order to decide the owners for the new league, an auction was held on 24 January 2008 with the total base prices of the franchises costing around $400 million.

Teams in IPL




Team
Owner
Current Coach
Current Captain
Chennai Super Kings
N. Srinivasan
Stephen Fleming
MS Dhoni
Delhi Capitals
Sajjan JindalGrandhi Mallikarjuna Rao
Ricky Ponting
Shreyas Iyer
Kings XI Punjab
Preity ZintaNess WadiaMohit BurmanKaran PaulPrithvi Raj Singh Oberoi
Mike Hesson
Ravichandran Ashwin
Kolkata Knight Riders
Shah Rukh KhanJuhi ChawlaJay Mehta
Jacques Kallis
Dinesh Karthik
Mumbai Indians
Mukesh Ambani
Mahela Jayawardene
Rohit Sharma
Rajasthan Royals
Manoj Badale
Paddy Upton
Ajinkya Rahane
Royal Challengers Bangalore
Amrit Thomas
Gary Kirsten
Virat Kohli
Sunrisers Hyderabad
Kalanithi Maran
Tom Moody
Kane Williamson


SPONSORS OF IPL

Every Season of IPL is sponsored by a company. Till now there are the following sponsors of IPL

SponsorIndustryPeriodSponsorship fee (per year)
DLFReal Estate2008–201240 crores
PepsiBeverages2013–201579.2 crores
VivoMobile Phones2016–201795 crores
2018–2022439.8 crores

From 2008 to 2012, the title sponsor was DLF, India's largest real estate developer, who had secured the rights with a bid of 200 crore for five seasons. After the conclusion of the 2012 season, PepsiCo bought the title sponsorship rights for 396.8 crore for the subsequent five seasons. However, the company terminated the deal in October 2015 two years before the expiry of the contract, reportedly due to the two-season suspension of Chennai and Rajasthan franchises from the league. The BCCI then transferred the title sponsorship rights for the remaining two seasons of the contract to Chinese smartphone manufacturer Vivo for 190 crore. In June 2017, Vivo retained the rights for the next five seasons (2018–2022) with a winning bid of 2199 crore, in a deal more expensive than Barclays' Premier League title sponsorship contract between 2013 and 2016.

ORGANISATION OF IPL

Everything you Must Know About IPL || Indian Premier League || Every Day Excited

Tournament format

Currently, with eight teams, each team plays each other twice in a home-and-away round-robin format in the league phase. At the conclusion of the league stage, the top four teams will qualify for the playoffs. The top two teams from the league phase will play against each other in the first Qualifying match, with the winner going straight to the IPL final and the loser getting another chance to qualify for the IPL final by playing the second Qualifying match. Meanwhile, the third and fourth place teams from league phase play against each other in an eliminator match and the winner from that match will play the loser from the first Qualifying match. The winner of the second Qualifying match will move onto the final to play the winner of the first Qualifying match in the IPL Final match, where the winner will be crowned the Indian Premier League champions.

Player acquisition, squad composition, and salaries

A team can acquire players through any of the three ways: the annual player auction, trading players with other teams during the trading windows, and signing replacements for unavailable players. Players sign up for the auction and also set their base price, and are bought by the franchise that bids the highest for them. Unsold players at the auction are eligible to be signed up as replacement signings. In the trading windows, a player can only be traded with his consent, with the franchise paying the difference if any between the old and new contract. If the new contract is worth more than the older one, the difference is shared between the player and the franchise selling the player. There are generally three trading windows–two before the auction, and one after the auction but before the start of the tournament. Players can not be traded outside the trading windows or during the tournament, whereas replacements can be signed before or during the tournament. Some of the team composition rules (as of 2018 season) are as follows:
  •         The squad strength must be between 18 and 25 players, with a maximum of 8 overseas players.
  •          The salary cap of the entire squad must not exceed ₹80 crore.
  •          Under-19 players cannot be picked unless they have previously played first-class or List A cricket.
  •          A team can play a maximum of 4 overseas players in their playing eleven.


The term of a player contract is one year, with the franchise having the option to extend the contract by one or two years. Since the 2014 season, the player contracts are denominated in the Indian rupee, before which the contracts were in U.S. dollars. Overseas players can be remunerated in the currency of the player's choice at the exchange rate on either the contract due date or the actual date of payment. Prior to the 2014 season, Indian domestic players were not included in the player auction pool and could be signed up by the franchises at a discrete amount while a fixed sum of ₹10 to 30 lakh would get deducted per signing from the franchise's salary purse. This received significant opposition from franchise owners who complained that richer franchises were "luring players with under-the-table deals" following which the IPL decided to include domestic players in the player auction. According to a 2015 survey by Sporting Intelligence and ESPN The Magazine, the average IPL salary when pro-rated is US$4.33 million per year, the second highest among all sports leagues in the world. Since the players in IPL are only contracted for the duration of the tournament (less than two months), the weekly IPL salaries are extrapolated pro rata to obtain an average annual salary, unlike other sports leagues in which players are contracted by a single team for the entire year.

Match rules

IPL games utilize television timeouts and hence there is no time limit in which teams must complete their innings. However, a penalty may be imposed if the umpires find teams misusing this privilege. Each team is given a two-and-a-half-minute "strategic timeout" during each innings; one must be taken by the bowling team between the ends of the 6th and 9th overs, and one by the batting team between the ends of the 13th and 16th overs.
Since the 2018 season, the Umpire Decision Review System is being used in all IPL matches, allowing each team one chance to review an on-field umpire's decision per innings.

Prize money

The 2015 season of the IPL offered total prize money of ₹40 crore (US$5.6 million), with the winning team netting ₹15 crore (US$2.1 million). The first and second runners up received 10 and 7.5 crores, respectively, with the fourth-placed team also winning 7.5 crores. The other teams are not awarded any prize money. The IPL rules mandate that half of the prize money must be distributed among the players. 

 AWARDS IN IPL

Everything you Must Know About IPL || Indian Premier League || Every Day Excited

The following are the award of the IPL match -

  • Orange Cap- The Orange Cap is an annual cricket award presented to the leading run scorer in the Indian Premier League. The batsman with most runs in the tournament during the course of the season would wear the Orange Cap while fielding, with the overall leading run-scorer at the conclusion of the tournament winning the actual Orange Cap award on the day of the season's final. Brendon McCullum became the first player to wear the Orange Cap, and Shaun Marsh became the first winner of the award. 

 Winners of Orange Caps

Season
Player
Matches
Runs
2008
 Shaun Marsh (KXIP)
11
616
2009
 Matthew Hayden (CSK)
12
572
2010
 Sachin Tendulkar (MI)
15
618
2011
 Chris Gayle (RCB)
12
608
2012
 Chris Gayle (RCB)
15
733
2013
 Michael Hussey (CSK)
16
733
2014
 Robin Uthappa (KKR)
16
660
2015
 David Warner (SRH)
14
562
2016
 Virat Kohli (RCB)
16
973
2017
 David Warner (SRH)
14
641
2018
 Kane Williamson (SRH)
17
735

  • Purple Cap- The Purple Cap is an annual cricket award presented to the leading wicket-taker in the Indian Premier League.  The bowler with most wickets in the tournament during the course of the season would wear the Purple Cap while fielding, with the overall leading wicket-taker at the conclusion of the tournament winning the actual Purple Cap award on the day of the season's final. In case of a tie, the bowler with a superior economy rate would hold the Purple Cap.
Winners of Purple Cap

Season
Player
Matches
Wickets
11
22
16
23
16
21
16
28
16
25
18
32
16
23
16
24
17
23
2017
 Bhuvneshwar Kumar (SRH)
14
26
2018
 Andrew Tye (KXIP)
14
24

  • Maximum Sixes Award- The Maximum Sixes Award is an annual cricket award presented to the batsman who hits the most sixes in the Indian Premier League.
Winners of Maximum Sixes Award



Season
Player
Matches
Sixes
14
31
16
29
16
27
12
44
15
59
16
51
16
36
14
38
16
38
14
26
14
37

  • Most Valuable Player- The award was called the "man of the tournament" till the 2012 season. The IPL introduced the Most Valuable Player rating system in 2013, the leader of which would be named the "Most Valuable Player" at the end of the season. 
Winners of Most Valuable Player Award



Season
Player

  •  Player of the match (final)-  The winners are-

Season
Player of the match

  • Emerging Player of the year- The award was presented for the "best under-19 player" in 2008 and "best under-23 player" in 2009 and 2010, being called "Under-23 Success of the Tournament". In 2011 and 2012, the award was known as "Rising Star of the Year", while, in 2013, it was called "Best Young Player of the Season". Since 2014, the award has been called the "Emerging Player of the Year."
The winners of Emerging Player of the year awards


Season
Player
2008
 Shreevats Goswami (RCB)
2009
 Rohit Sharma (DC)
2010
 Saurabh Tiwary (MI)
2011
 Iqbal Abdulla (KKR)
2012
 Mandeep Singh (KXIP)
2013
 Sanju Samson (RR)
2014
 Axar Patel (KXIP)
2015
 Shreyas Iyer (DD)
2016
 Mustafizur Rahman (SRH)
2017
 Basil Thampi (GL)
2018
 Rishabh Pant (DD)


  • Fair Play Award- The Fair Play Award is given after each season to the team with the best record of fair play. The winner is decided on the basis of the points the umpires give to the teams.
 The winners of The Fair Play Award are

SeasonTeam
2008Chennai Super Kings
2009Kings XI Punjab
2010Chennai Super Kings
2011Chennai Super Kings
2012Rajasthan Royals
2013Chennai Super Kings
2014Chennai Super Kings
2015Chennai Super Kings
2016Sunrisers Hyderabad
2017Gujarat Lions
2018Mumbai Indians
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Everything you Must Know About IPL || Indian Premier League || Every Day Excited